Gammon & Grange, PC offers Adoption Law services by Robert H. Klima. He has been a leader in the field of adoption law in Virginia for over 30 years and has handled more than 2,500 successful adoption cases. He has written and lectured on adoption related subjects and has been involved in the drafting of some of Virginia's current adoption laws. He has been a fellow of the American Academy of Adoption Attorneys since 1993, an exclusive organization of approximately 300 adoption attorneys with extensive experience and expertise in the field. The Academy is the premier organization looked to for advice on adoption legal issues throughout the country.

There are many types of adoptions, and each involves very specific and detailed legal procedures which are intended to protect the adoptive parents, the birth parents and the child.

The most common type of adoption is Step Parent Adoption. It is relatively common for a step parent to form a strong relationship with the child of his or her spouse and to desire to adopt that child. There are many reasons why it is important to make the relationship a legal one when it is appropriate to do so.

Couples who desire to adopt may pursue an Agency Adoption. Virginia has many excellent private child placing agencies. Couples may also seek to adopt a child who is in the custody of the Department of Social Services, having been removed from his or her parents because of abuse or neglect. These children very much need permanent families, and there are many such children in Virginia waiting to be adopted through Foster to Adoption programs.

In Virginia, birth parents may place their child for adoption with any family they choose in what is called Parental Placement Adoption. This type of adoption particularly requires the guidance of an experienced adoption attorney because of the additional court procedures involved. Couples who seek to find a birth mother who wants to make an adoptive placement would benefit from early advice about how to proceed with the search.

Often an adoption may become a Contested Adoption, which means that a birth parent is not willing to consent, although the prospective adoptive parents strongly believe that the adoption is in the child's best interests. This usually involves litigation. Mr. Klima has extensive experience trying these cases.

Mr. Klima advises that anyone interested in adoption should consult a qualified adoption attorney as early in the process as possible, because he can help determine which type of adoption is best suited to the need and can guide the entire process from start to finish. Mr. Klima represents birth parents as well as adoptive parents, and is available to counsel birth mothers and birth fathers who are considering adoption as an option.